Some types of reading skills include comprehending main points of what is being read, recognizing letters and words, being able to sound out words, reading fluently and understanding the meaning of words. Students usually first learn the sounds associated with each letter and move on to understand groups of letters and eventually full words.
By learning the sounds of letters and groups of letters, students can eventually be able to sight read words. They can read fluently when they can recognize words quickly and also understand the meanings behind the words. Reading comprehension, which is one of the later reading skills learned, involves being able to not only summarize what is read, but also ask questions about it and apply its ideas to other concepts.