Types of questions on the IS-700 exam are short answers and multiple choice questions focused on understanding the general principles represented in the National Incident Management System. The exam questions cover topics including preparedness, communications, resources, and command and management.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency provides a framework for coordinating local emergency response agencies for domestic incidents. Its general overview, independent study course 700.A, includes a final exam with questions culled from each of its modules. Knowledge reviews end each section of the course, including activities and questions. Typical questions focus on the definition of key concepts in the module and whether items are consistent with National Incident Management System concepts.
The questions stress the point that the National Incident Management System promotes interoperability between groups within a local jurisdiction. This means agencies form agreements standardizing an approach, a chain of command, communication protocols, common resources and sources of reimbursements. A great deal of work performed in advance of any incident creates multiple agency teams capable of rapid response.
Some jurisdictions choose to supply training for emergency responders, while others set an expectation that affected personnel complete the independent study course, including the final exam. As of April 2015, the Federal Emergency Management Agency requires anyone taking the test apply for a student identification number.