The field of engineering includes more than 25 recognized specialties, and degrees are available in each of these areas, including aerospace, biomedical, chemical and electrical engineering. Other examples of degrees are in architectural, civil, mechanical and nuclear engineering. Each of these degrees has its own scholastic requirements, intricacies and levels of knowledge specific to the chosen area of study.
Aerospace engineering is concerned with the inner workings of air and spacecraft. The focus of biomedical engineering is the combined study of the chemistry, genetics and the mechanics of living organisms.
A degree in chemical engineering is best suited for students who are interested in both physics and chemistry and are seeking work that involves such disparate areas as pesticide, medical and pharmaceutical companies.
Electrical engineering is the largest of the specialties, and a degree prepares graduates to design and test electrical systems found in airplanes, buildings, cars and machines.
The requirements for a degree in mechanical engineering curriculum are similar to those for an aerospace degree, but many of the classes deal with much broader subjects. Mechanical engineers design and work with machines and engines, and their expertise qualifies them to work in a number of different industries that include aerospace, mechanics, air conditioning and heating, robotics and elevators.
Nuclear engineers use their expertise to build and maintain structures that generate nuclear power. A degree in this discipline qualifies graduates to work in nuclear power plants, academic and government institutions.