Academic dishonesty includes plagiarism, fabrication, cheating and facilitating an exchange of shared work. Each educational institution provides students with a definition of academic dishonesty, as well as an outline of consequences, such as a failing grade for an assignment or course and suspension or expulsion from the school.
Examples of academic dishonesty are often outlined in each educational institution's handbook for students or on course syllabuses. In courses that require writing assignments, plagiarism is often defined as the act of misrepresenting someone else's work as one's own or inaccurately citing sources from research. Fabrication involves falsifying information, creating research or sources that are nonexistent, altering grades or the work of another student or changing data to improve a test or assignment score.
As technology advances, cheating as a form of academic dishonesty becomes more complex. Students who cheat by searching for information on a mobile device during a test or texting answers to another student are often found guilty of academic dishonesty. In addition, cheating also involves purchasing research papers or assignments from other individuals or online essay banks or using unauthorized information to complete an assignment or test. Facilitation is another form of academic dishonesty, where students allow others to copy homework, share test scores or take an exam for another person.