Homework in second grade typically consists of math and language arts. Math homework focuses on understanding place value, computational fluency, arithmetic problem solving, understanding money and graphing. In addition, a great deal of time is spent on review. Language arts homework focuses on the basics of reading and writing, including phonics, reading comprehension, grammar, basic composition and building vocabulary.
According to Great Schools, second graders should do an average of 20 minutes of homework per night. Studies show that too much homework can be detrimental to students' performance until they reach 10th grade. Remedial homework seems to have a negative effect. However, age-appropriate reading every night benefits children's vocabulary and reading comprehension. A minimum of 15 minutes of reading each night on top of homework is recommended.
Parents can help their second graders succeed at homework by providing a quiet space and time for children to do homework, removing all distractions. When children show off their work from school, express interest and pride in it. Provide all the resources young students need to do their homework, including paper and pencils. Parents should help children with any library or Internet research they need to do. Parents should also keep lines of communication open with the children's teachers to make sure they understand what is expected with homework assignments.