Various forms of speech therapy are used to treat dysphasia. Treatment is most effective when it is started as soon as possible and aims to help patients communicate as effectively as possible, according to NHS Choices.
A patient is diagnosed with dysphasia if he has difficulty with communication after an injury to the brain. The patient may have difficulty speaking, choosing words or understanding others. Sometimes, a dysphasia patient uses bizarre words. Dysphasia does not affect thinking or intelligence. Stroke is the most common cause of dysphasia. Other causes are traumatic injuries, infections, tumors, mini strokes and dementia. Sometimes just the underlying cause needs to be treated, as can be the case with a tumor, according to WebMD.
Currently, treatment options are limited to various forms of speech therapy given by a professional based on the patient's needs. Therapy helps the patient communicate to the best of his ability, restores as much language and speech as possible, and teaches the patient alternative forms of communication. A dysphasia patient might be taught to draw, write or use props to compensate for problems with language and speech. Treatments exercise affected areas much like physical therapy helps people heal from bodily injuries. In addition to working with patients one on one, therapists also have patients use computer programs and apps to improve their skills, says NHS Choices. Research is currently being done on pharmaceutical options and surgical options such as transcranial magnetic stimulation.
In North America, dysphasia is known as aphasia, as the Medical Dictionary notes.