The topics covered in fifth-grade math textbooks include operational and algebraic thinking, number and operations in base 10, and number and operations involving fractions, according to the Common Core State Standards Initiative. Topics in fifth-grade math textbooks also include geometry and measurement and data.
The Common Core State Standards Initiative outlines three major focuses for teaching fifth-grade mathematics. The first focus involves the addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of fractions. The second focus involves division with two-digit divisors, decimal fractions and the place value system, operations with decimals to hundredths, and whole numbers and decimal operations. The third focus is on volume.