Human genetics, developmental biology and immunology are some topics covered in school science programs. Microbial ecology, evolution and plant biology are also part of the curriculum in various school science programs.
Courses on human genetics focus on concepts pertaining to inheritance, genetic mapping of diseases and structure of the human genome. They discuss genetic differences in individuals as well as genetic drift. They also explain the functions of RNA and DNA. Students learn to apply laws of genetics to problems involving genetic differences in people.
Developmental biology courses trace the progression of an organism from a single cell to a complex, multicellular form. Students who study developmental biology learn the processes of growth, differentiation and reproduction. Immunology examines the fundamental principles of the immune system along with their applications in public health and medicine. Students learn mechanisms of induction, immunochemistry, regulation and hypersensitivity.
Microbial ecology studies the interaction of microorganisms with each other, fungi, plants and the environment. Science students studying microbial ecology explore photosynthesis, symbiosis and biogeochemical cycling. Evolution covers evolutionary genetics, natural selection and macroevolution. Courses on evolution typically compare various theories on the origins and evolution of living organisms.
Plant biology addresses plant anatomy, biotechnology and molecular biology. Students who take plant biology study the structure and function of cells. They also learn about how plant biology relates to the environment.