Some topics covered in an elementary education include science, language arts, physical education, math, music, social studies and art, according to Great Kids. There's a heavy focus on reading, writing, critical thinking and problem solving, and state standards determine what is specifically taught in each grade level. Elementary school usually covers kindergarten through either fifth or eighth grade, depending on the school.
Some topics kindergartners might encounter include counting and identifying numbers, recognizing shapes, writing out short words, recognizing the letters of the alphabet with their sounds and identifying colors. First graders build on these skills to learn to write more complex words, read more challenging books, write sentences, tell the time, count money and do addition and subtraction problems, notes Great Kids.
Second graders might focus on improving their vocabularies, comparing and contrasting ideas, multiplying, reading more fluently and using a dictionary to look up unfamiliar words. Third graders might learn cursive writing and more complex multiplication and division, and they work on their reading comprehension and word recognition skills as they read books that are longer.
Some topics fourth graders encounter include performing research, doing math with decimals and fractions, writing full paragraphs, inferring meaning from texts and memorization. Fifth graders might learn to classify things, write essays, solve math word problems, find the volumes of shapes, improve their reading comprehension and fluency, write research papers and analyze stories, states Great Kids.