Some of the main topics that sixth graders learn about in science class are astronomy, matter and energy, natural forces and earth changes. Students also study systems of the human body, reproduction, heredity and cells.
The study of astronomy in sixth grade focuses on the Earth, sun, moon, stars and galaxies. Students also learn about the inner solar system and the outer solar system. In addition, the tools that are used by astronomers are explored.
The properties of matter and energy are discussed in science classes in the sixth grade. This topic includes physical properties of matter, chemical changes and sources of energy. Students are taught about atoms, elements and temperature.
Sixth graders gain a basic understanding of the natural forces of gravity and magnetism. The laws of Isaac Newton and their impact is examined. Earth changes are studied in science classes, including earthquakes and tectonic plates, volcanoes, hurricanes and tornadoes. Geologic time and rocks are also analyzed.
The study of the human body includes a focus on the nervous system, endocrine system and reproductive system. How the body develops, grows and responds to change is also investigated. Students in sixth grade science classes learn about several topics related to human cells, including cell organization and structure, cell division and growth, and how cells function.