As of 2015, the various university rankings, such as Times Higher Education, QS World University Rankings, Shanghai Ranking and U.S. News and World Report, place similar universities on their lists, such as Harvard, Oxford, Stanford and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Some other universities that are consistently listed as the top 10 in the world include the California Institute of Technology and the University of Cambridge.
Lists of the top 10 universities in the world are slightly different depending on which metrics and rankings are used. Other universities that are in multiple top 10 lists include the University of California, Berkeley, Imperial College London, Yale University and the University of Chicago.
Due to the different scoring metrics that each ranking uses, the positions of the universities vary. On the Shanghai Ranking system, for example, Harvard University is ranked first in the world with a perfect total score of 100, followed by Stanford University with 72.1. On the Times Higher Education ranking system, Harvard University places second with a score of 93.3, just below Caltech's score of 94.3. The QS World University Rankings place Harvard as fourth in the world, with MIT, Cambridge and the Imperial College London ranking above it.