Title 1 is a federal program that provides funds to elementary and secondary schools that have many children in poverty, and it's designed to help students receive the remedial education needed in core subjects. The funds can be used to hire additional staff, offer tutoring, make improvements to the school's curriculum or provide teachers with professional development activities, among other uses.
The goal of the Title 1 program is to help disadvantaged students meet the educational standards that the country has set. In addition to helping those in poverty, the program can also be used to help students with disabilities, as long as the school is eligible for the program and has a specific enrollment number of low-income students enrolled. The majority of the schools that qualify for the program are elementary schools.