To understand syllables, a person can say words aloud while clapping to each syllable, write words down and cut the word into segments at each syllable, and say words aloud while watching his mouth move in the mirror. To learn proper pronunciation of each syllable, he should learn the six types of syllables.
A syllable is one or more letters that are said together in one sound. Words may consist of one or more syllables. By clapping with each syllable, a person understands where each syllable ends and the next syllable begins. Cutting written words into segments has the same effect. By saying words aloud while looking in a mirror, a person is able to watch how his mouth movements coincide with each syllable.
Closed syllables have a consonant at the end and a short vowel sound, while open syllables have a vowel at the end and a long vowel sound. "Cat" is an example of a closed syllable, while the first syllable of the word "apron" is an open syllable.
In syllables that end with a vowel, a consonant and an "e," the "e" is silent and the first vowel has a long vowel sound. This type of syllable tends to be at the end of words. The one-syllable word "time" demonstrates this type of syllable.
In a vowel team syllable, two vowels that are adjacent to one another create a new sound, such as in the word "faith." The syllable "d-l-e," which is found in words such as "fiddle" and "puddle," sounds like the word "dull." The r-controlled syllable has a vowel followed by the letter "r," which changes the vowel's sound, as in the word "war."