Parents, teachers and adults teaching children with special needs should interact with a child by making eye contact, explaining the process of the activity, and offering a helping hand without bombarding the student with questions. People teaching special needs children should observe how the child communicates and take note of sensory behaviors that indicate the child is uncomfortable or unable to verbalize needs and wants.
Instruction for children with special needs should be consistent to allow the child to develop a routine. Teachers should also be flexible and willing to change the teaching method to make the child more comfortable and willing to learn or listen. A child with special needs may be more open to learning during a hands-on arts-and-crafts project, as opposed to a lecture that requires the student to sit still for a long period of time.
Teachers can also use visual, auditory or tactile cues to engage a child with special needs. A child who learns well visually may enjoy a project that involves taking pictures or creating a scrapbook to illustrate course concepts. Other children with special needs may respond well to audiobooks versus textbooks. Interactive computer games are also helpful for children who have difficulty verbally reciting terms or concepts.