One of the most important elements of learning to speak Urdu is the verb "Hona," which translates to the English verb "to be," because it is required when speaking in the present tense. It's also important to remember that the Urdu sentence structure is somewhat different from that of English.
When describing an action in present tense in Urdu, it is imperative that the student uses the correctly conjugated form of "Hona" to express that she is present as the action is happening. For example, if a person wanted to say "I see" in Urdu, she would say "Mein dekhta hoon," which is like saying in English, "I am, and see." The other important point to remember is the sentence structure of Urdu is subject - object - verb, as opposed to the English structure of subject - verb - object. So instead of "John (subject) sees (verb) Mary (object)," the sentence structure in Urdu would be "John (subject) Mary (object) sees (verb)."
Urdu is the official national language of Pakistan and is estimated to be spoken by over 100 million people, including those who speak it as a second language. It is also an official language of six states of India. It is very similar in sound and structure to Hindi, and they are generally considered mutually intelligible to each other. Urdu is spoken in many areas across the Middle East and parts of India and Africa.