When writing the abstract of an essay in APA style, open the abstract with a short summary of the major points of the research conducted, including such categories as the topic, research questions, who the participants were, what research method was employed, data analysis and results. The abstract may also include the implications of the research, suggestions for further research, and a list of keywords, which help researchers find the essay in databases.
Aside from the content of the abstract, APA style also requires that the writer adhere to a very specific set of formatting regulations. The abstract should be between 150 and 250 words, written in a single, non-indented paragraph.
The first line of the page should simply be the word "Abstract," capitalized and centered. The text begins on the second line. If a keyword list is included, it should begin on the line directly after the main paragraph, with the word "Keywords" capitalized, italicized and followed by a colon. The keyword list should have items in all lower-case letters and separated by commas.
The page needs to have 1-inch margins on all sides. Within the space of the top margin, the essay's title should be flush left and in all capitals and the document's page number flush right. All text should be in Times New Roman 12-point font.