Be sure to use examples that clearly indicate the before and after relationship of cause and effect in a sentence or situation, but consider tricky sentence structure for older students. Make the activities on the worksheet fun and interesting by using relatable examples, and make sure students clearly identify causes and effects individually.
After about 3 years of age, most children have a fundamental understanding of cause and effect, but worksheets are a great way to ensure a better awareness of the relationship between these two ideas. When introducing the concept of cause and effect, it is best to begin with sentences in which the cause comes first, then the effect in order to reinforce how they relate. For example, sentences such as “The dog’s loud barking woke up the sleeping children,” or “It rained last night so the ground is wet this morning,” clearly demonstrate the cause before the effect. Consider using more complex examples for bonus questions or for older students, such as “The glass shattered after the girl, startled by the barking dog, dropped it.” In this example there are multiple sets of causes and effects.
It helps to use examples on worksheets that are relatable and meaningful for students. If you can cite specific passages from a book or story read in class, then it demonstrates how the lesson relates to other work the students are doing. Consider examples from popular television shows or movies, which students often easily relate to, but be sure to pick age-appropriate ones. Finally, have students mark causes and effects in different ways, such as by using a blue pen to underline causes and a red pen to underline effects, so their work demonstrates a clear understanding of each concept.