What Are Some Techniques for Creating Effective Closing Arguments?


Quick Answer

To create an effective closing argument, make an outline of everything to be included, and use that to condense the argument. It needs to be as short as possible, while also including all of the most important points. Emphasize the most important points throughout the closing argument.

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Full Answer

The closing argument is something that is created over time, even before writing the opening statement. Start including notes and details, including anything that develops during the case. Make an outline so that it includes the most important aspects of the argument, including what conclusions the jury should reach after hearing the argument. There should be no more than three to five ultimate conclusions that come out of the closing argument. It might need to be condensed to reach this number.

Using a three-act structure is an easy way to write the closing argument. This includes a beginning, middle and end. The beginning starts with the conflict or what the main topic of discussion is. The middle provides evidence and further details, while the ending includes the concluding statement about what the listeners, readers or jury should be left with.

Don’t ignore problems or facts in the closing argument. Explain or reason anything the readers or listeners might be thinking after hearing the opposing person’s closing argument. Address these openly and honestly, but provide additional insight if it is warranted. Also, use the current evidence when drafting the argument.

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