NGSSLifeScience.com offers tips for creating a student seating chart, including ensuring students with special accommodations sit where it is most comfortable for them. For instance, a student who has a hearing or visible problem should sit near the front of the room.
Students who need extra attention or whom the teacher needs to keep a closer eye on should sit in the front or center, in the "T" of the classroom, assuming desks are in rows. Meanwhile, the front corners are best for students who tend to cause disruptions in the classroom or for those who are easily distracted.
Many teachers prefer separating students who are friends, as those students are usually more talkative during class. One tip during the first part of the school year, when still learning about the students, is to let students sit wherever they want during the first couple of days of class. During this time, observe which students are friends and separate those people when creating a more structured seating chart.
TheEducatorsRoom.com suggests starting the year with a randomized seating chart instead of no seating chart at all. This also allows the observation of students to determine which students must be separated, and uncovers students who should be placed closer to the front of the room.