To teach cause and effect, give concrete examples of how cause and effect works, and allow the students to practice with their own scenarios. Explain that there are consequences for actions and provide a list of causes so the students can determine what possible effects of those actions are.
Start by showing the students some simple cause and effect examples that show a very obvious effect for the cause. For example, give a natural disaster, such as an earthquake or hurricane, as the cause. For the effect, use mudslides as the example. Then, shift mudslides to the cause, and use property loss and flooding as the effect. Let the students take over and continue going down the list of causes and effects using this singular example.
Teaching cause and effect helps students understand consequences of certain actions, in addition to learning analytical thinking. Another technique used when teaching cause and effect to students is teaching them to ask "why." When something happens during studies, ask the students why that effect happened and what could have caused it. This allows for continued teaching of cause and effect and why it is important.
Alternatively, take a single event as the event and have the students come up with as many causes as they possibly can. For example, ask students to come up with possible causes for a flood.