Summarizing a poem involves isolating its central ideas and metaphors and laying them out along with an analysis of its verse structure. This allows readers to comprehend and critique the poem with a clearer understanding of its exact aims or artistic merits.
Poems rely heavily on devices like simile and synecdoche. Isolating these elements can reveal the thematic structure of a poem.
- Identify the themes
- Analyze the structure
- Avoid speculation
Poems usually have a theme or subject. By parsing the poem's language, it is possible to detect and explain its theme.
The order in which a poem presents its ideas is important. Analyze this order and its interaction with the poem's subject matter.
Summaries should list and analyze only what is present in a work. If there are clear parallels to the real world, such analysis is acceptable.