Japanese students study social studies, science, mathematics, Japanese, crafts, home economics and physical education. Many elementary schools in Japan have also started teaching students English at a young age.
Children in Japan start their first year of elementary school in the first April after their sixth birthday. Most Japanese elementary schools have around 30 to 40 kids per class. Elementary school is considered grades one through six in Japan. Middle school is grades seven through nine, and high school covers grades 10 through 12. However, there are several middle schools and high schools in Japan that are joined together to form six-year schools.
Japanese schools feel it's important for kids to learn more than just the information written in books. This is why home economics is a class started in elementary school, teaching children simple cooking skills and how to sew. Japanese students also learn how to write shodo, which involves using a brush and ink to create kanji characters.
Starting from middle school, nearly all Japanese students get involved in some kind of extracurricular activity. These activities include musical or art groups, science clubs or sports teams. While soccer clubs are popular in Japan, baseball clubs are often the most popular among boys. Volleyball and gymnastics are popular among girls.