Strategies for teaching special education include becoming an expert in each child, teaching each child at his level, setting up small groups and centers. Additionally, a good strategy is using multiple learning styles to teach themes or concepts.
Knowing each child's strengths and needs is essential for teaching special education. If a student has an Individual Education Program, read and become familiar with it. Communicate with a student's parents often. Assess each student at the beginning of the year to determine his strengths.
Once you are familiar with a student's strengths and needs, teach at his level. Lessons geared toward the whole class can be tweaked to better meet each student. If a lesson is unable to meet a particular child where the child is, individual instruction is beneficial. Set expectations of the student based on her strengths and needs.
Set up small groups and centers. Small groups can be used differently according to your classroom needs. Some are grouped according to skill level and allow for more personalized instruction. Others are grouped with varying skill levels where more advanced students aid students needing more assistance.
Centers are locations around the room that have themes and are often self-directed. Centers allow the students to be grouped, freeing you to focus on those needing individual attention. Centers are effective in providing lessons in different learning styles to better meet students' needs.
Break lessons up by using the visual, auditory, kinesthetic and tactile learning styles. Use various styles to meet the needs of more students.