Most successful science projects will use the scientific method. This process includes the following steps: the question or purpose of the experiment, research, a hypothesis, the experiment, analysis, and finally the conclusion.
Scientists and students alike use the scientific method because it is an organized way to figure something out.
First, there must be a purpose or question. This is the question that is being asking or is asked. It is the thing that is being checked on or to learn about.
After settling on a question, the next step is research. Before starting an experiment, one must learn as much information about the subject as possible.
Once a topic is thoroughly researched, one can then decide on the hypothesis. The hypothesis is an educated guess. What does one predict will happen? What is the answer to the question proposed? Hypotheses statements tend to be the "If..., then..." form. For example, "If I mix red food coloring with blue food coloring, then the color will turn to purple."
After the hypothesis comes the experiment. First decide on a test or procedure to conduct that will allow an answer to the hypothesis. Within the experiment, there will likely be an independent variable, the part that will be tested or change, and a dependent variable, the part that will not be tested. The dependent variable is the variable that will respond or not respond to the changing independent variable.
When finishing the experiment, the next step is the analysis. This is data or information. In the analysis, write down everything that happened during the experiment, the things that changed and the things that did not change.
The final step is the conclusion. This is when it's determined if the hypothesis was correct or not. Check to see if the data recorded supports the hypothesis.