The common roles teachers play in a classroom include the controller, prompter, assessor, organizer, resource, participant and tutor. Since teachers spend hours on end with students, they are often encouraged to play the role of the counselor or social worker as well.
As the controller, teachers are in charge of the students' actions, providing direction and discipline when necessary. As the prompter, teachers work to guide and encourage students to complete tasks and academic assignments. In this role, the teacher helps the student when necessary, acting as more of a mentor or guide. Teachers take on the role of an assessor when providing feedback on tests, quizzes and assignments. For example, when a student submits a written essay, the teacher shows how the student excelled and points out areas needing improvement. As the organizer, the teacher compiles lessons, activities and presentations to disseminate academic lessons. This role requires the teacher to provide directions for lessons as well. Teachers are also the primary resource of information for students and spend significant amounts of time sharing knowledge with students. As the participant, the teacher joins in academic lessons, games and hands-on activities, and in the tutor role, the teacher works one-on-one with students to offer individualized instruction.