Reading comprehension is understanding what is read and is essential both for the gleaning of information from and the enjoyment of a particular piece. It involves an understanding of what the author says and a recognition of how it relates to other things with which the reader is familiar.
Summarizing a story or article after it is read, making sure to identify the main idea, can help the reader improve comprehension. Jotting down personal experiences that relate to the story is another way of improving comprehension. Another good exercise a reader can do is make a KWL chart. Prior to reading, the reader should write under the K column what he already knows about the topic and under the W column what he wants to know about it. After reading, he lists in the L column things he learned from reading.