Caregivers do not need much formal education, requiring only a high school diploma for an orderly position, according to the Houston Chronicle and Study.com. Certified nurse assistant positions require a high school diploma or GED, on-the-job training and state certification. Caregivers must be warm, personable and professional, since the position requires significant one-on-one interaction. They must also be able to stand on their feet for long hours.
Orderlies move and lift patients, explains the Houston Chronicle. They also may assist residents in exercising and assist nurses in turning patients. Orderlies must therefore be physically strong, with a lot of stamina.
Certified nurse assistants must complete at least 75 hours of specialized training through which they learn basic skills such as anatomy, nutrition, physiology and grooming, according to Study.com. They must pass a state certification exam and pass a criminal background check. They may work in private homes or in private facilities such as nursing homes and assisted-care facilities.
Certified nurse assistants must be in good physical health and may also need to have reliable transportation and a drivers' license, notes Study.com. They must be detail-oriented and able to work independently, advises MyCNAjobs.com. The position requires adherence to a number of regulations and the ability to effectively manage time.