Prose writing is writing with word flow and grammar used in everyday speech, as opposed to verse or poetry, which has a rhythmic or metrical flow and sometimes uses poetic syntax. Narrative, casual dialog, journalistic writing, speechwriting and dictionary definitions are all types of prose writing.
While poetry focuses on the aesthetics of language, prose aims for clear communication of ideas. Principles of good prose writing include using descriptive nouns and verbs to minimize use of adjectives and adverbs, using active voice, avoiding unnecessary words and showing with concrete words rather than telling with abstract words. Another principle is to vary the type of prose, such as interspersing description with action and dialog.