According to 2014 census data, New York City is the largest city in the United States in terms of population, with an estimated 8,491,079 people. The city is famous for its arts and culture scene, monuments, history and institutions. “The Big Apple” is a popular nickname for New York City.
Famous monuments in New York City include the Statue of Liberty, a statue of a woman representing freedom and holding a tablet with the date of Declaration of Independence written on it. The statue was a gift from France to the United States. Additional famous landmarks include the Empire State Building, Central Park, Times Square and the Brooklyn Bridge.
New Amsterdam was the original name of New York City. The city seal has 1625 as the year of the city's founding, though some argue that 1624 is the correct date. From 1785 to 1790, New York was the meeting place of the new U.S. Congress. In 1891 Carnegie Hall, one of the world's great music centers, opened, and the hall saw the premieres of such famous works as Dvo?ák’s New World Symphony.
On Sept. 11, 2001, the World Trade Center in New York City was attacked by hijacked planes in a terrorist attack on the United States. Construction of new towers began soon after the cleanup.