The MAT, or Miller Analogies Test, is an intelligence test that is scored by percentile. While the test is scored based on the number of questions answered correctly, with a range extending from 200 to 600, the test also assigns percentiles along with scores. Like with any test, percentiles are a relative measure that compare an individual score to the outcomes of the whole, so, a percentile of 90 indicates that the individual scored better than 90 percent of the test takers.
Percentiles are used to score a great deal of tests, especially standardized tests, which are meant to provide educators, students and parents with comparative knowledge. Thus, the SATs and many state tests from kindergarten to 12th grade education also provide percentile scores.
The MAT is used by graduate schools to identify students with exceptional critical thinking skills. Prestigious organizations such as MENSA and the Prometheus Society require extremely high percentile scores for entry. Outside of these organizations, the MAT is used by many law schools, since a good portion of their curriculums involve critical thinking skills. The MAT is widely regarded as possessing a high degree of predictive reliability regarding future success in graduate programs.