What Are Some Methods of Differentiation in the Classroom?

Some methods of differentiation in the classroom include differentiation by a task, using grouping for collaborative learning, and using varying media to engage different learners. Additionally, teachers differentiate by varying pace and varying expected outcomes.

Differentiation by task means providing different tasks for students of different abilities. An example of this concept in the classroom is using different worksheets for different students of varying abilities to cover the content of one lesson. An alternative method of differentiation by a task is to use a single worksheet with progressively more challenging questions given to all students in a class.

Grouping students for assignments offers benefits associated with collaborative learning including peer support and peer modeling. An example of this method of differentiation is placing students in a small mixed-ability group to complete an assignment as a group.

Differentiation of pace in a classroom lesson means that time is used flexibly. In this method, students work for mastery of a lesson and move on only when they are ready.

Differentiation by outcome means that different results are expected and acceptable for different students on the same task or assignment. For example, the teacher sets an assignment but students may arrive at different results depending on their level of ability and interest.