Methods for motivating students to work include encouraging the students, offering incentives, getting them involved, getting creative and drawing connections to real life. Giving students a sense of control, defining objectives and providing students with accountability are other motivational methods.
Students respond well to positive reinforcement, which motivates them to work more. They tend to get enthusiastic about learning when they feel as if their work is valued.
Setting small incentives, such as time off, provides an extra incentive for students to work hard. Such motivational methods also encourage students to work toward their goals.
Students also enjoy feeling responsible for aspects of the classroom. Giving students small jobs to complete provides a sense of ownership in the classroom and its processes, including learning tasks.
Providing a creative, non-threatening environment inspires students to do their best. The classroom must be a threat-free zone. It's also helpful to keep varying the decor in the space.
Students feel more motivated when they understand the purpose for tasks. They need to know when in real life the classroom lessons are applicable.
Naturally, the adult needs to maintain most of the control. However, students take ownership of their own learning when they are given choices. For instance, teachers sometime pose two assignments and let the students choose which to do first.
Objectives need to be posted and written in child-friendly language. This provides a goal for students to achieve. Concurrent with that, when students are held accountable for their work, they are more motivated to complete it well.