In pathology, "syncope" means a brief loss of consciousness associated with transient cerebral anemia, such as in heart block or sudden lowering of blood pressure, according to Dictionary.com. "Syncope" is a technical word for fainting.
"Syncope" came into Middle English as "syncopin" around the year 1400 from Late Latin, according to Online Etymology Dictionary. The Old French and Latin spelling "syncope" returned around 1520. "Syncope" dates back earlier to the Greek word "synkope," which means cutting off or cutting short. It combines the prefix "syn-," which means together or joined, with "koptein," which means to cut. The origin of the word is the Proto Indo-European root "kop-," which means to beat or strike.