A refurbished product is a used product that has been tested and repaired to make it operationally equivalent to a new product of the same kind. The testing typically includes checking individual parts and replacing any parts that show significant signs of wear or imminent failure.
In some product fields, such as electronics, other goods sold under the refurbished title include items returned to manufacturers for reasons other than defects, store display items and previously leased items that still function without defaults.
Manufacturers of many mechanical and electronic products license authorized repair shops to refurbish products for resale.
The use of the word "refurbished" does not have a set meaning across or within various industries, meaning different manufacturers and resellers use the term to encompass different types of products.