The materials covered in a kindergarten readiness assessment vary across states and institutions but typically cover the basic areas of physical development, social-emotional skills and early literacy. To see a sample list of the specific skills, visit SchoolSparks.com and click through the kindergarten readiness questionnaire for all eight developmental areas that the assessment measures.
A kindergarten assessment measures a prospective student's skills across developmental areas to ensure that he has the tools necessary to thrive in the school setting. Both gross motor skills and fine motor skills are assessed under physical development. These include skills that show the student's ability to walk, jump, skip, handle scissors and use a drawing tool. Self-care skills such as dressing oneself and using a fork and spoon are also assessed under physical skills.
Social-emotional readiness includes the student's ability to cooperate with parents and other caregivers, interact with other students, initiate independent play, and express needs, feelings and thoughts. A prospective kindergarten student needs to be able to follow directions, display some patience and self-control, and separate from parents without feeling too much distress.
Strong early literacy skills allow students to start strong and succeed in school. These set of skills include auditory processing and visual discrimination, phonemic awareness, and basic numeracy skills. An incoming kindergarten student needs to be able to identify numbers, colors, shapes, letters and basic words. Specific numeracy skills are counting from memory, sorting and counting objects, and identifying and completing patterns.