Long-term restorative care is a type of care provided by a health care system, in which the goal is to maintain the highest possible level of functioning both medically and in daily living, as stated by TheFreeDictionary.com. The phrase, "long-term care," as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, applies to services and supportive treatments necessary for a patient's Activities of Daily Living, known as ADLs.
This philosophy of care focuses on the patient performing ADLs with minimal or no assistance. The objective is to prevent a more serious disability or to avoid a decline in independence, explains the Department of Health and Human Services. Emphasis is placed on self-care activities such as eating, bathing, dressing and mobility. "Long-term restorative care" does not imply a specific setting, so it can refer to care provided in private homes, nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities or long-term care hospitals. This type of care, while not limited to medical treatment, is for people suffering with long-term illness or a disability requiring a level of assistance comparable to that provided by a live-in facility, such as a nursing home. It can include physical therapy as well as other medical treatments, in addition to daily living skill maintenance.