The amount of time that student grade records are required to be kept in school vary from state to state, according to Lawyers.com. Some states are instructed to keep student grade records indefinitely, while others are only obligated to keep them for a few decades.
Additional information that is kept on file for students includes home addresses, birthdates, ACT scores and disciplinary issues. Access to a student's full record is usually limited to the principal, parent or legal guardian of the student, law enforcement, and the student himself. Parents may attempt to challenge certain details listed in their child's record, though they cannot challenge grades, states Lawyers.com.