Some programs require as little as half a year for a student to become an X-ray technician. However, starting in 2015, technicians must pursue an associate's degree, which typically takes 2 years, to be certified nationally. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average X-ray technician can make as much as $26 per hour, as of 2014.
The majority of states require that X-ray technicians have a license or certification to work. Even in states where it is not required, it can help the candidate stand out in the application process. To be certified, the candidate must pass a certain number of credit hours. The candidate must also pass a test.