A letter to a judge begins by addressing the envelope and letter itself to the judge to his full title, such as "The Honorable Judge," followed by his last name. The content of the letter itself should be left-aligned, with single-spaced paragraphs that have an extra space between each paragraph.
After the salutation, the letter should clearly address its purpose. For instance, if the letter is written on behalf of a victim or defendant or is written by a victim or defendant, the writer should explain his situation clearly and using proper grammar throughout.
For letters on behalf of defendants, the writer should address the positive qualities of the defendant and his character and should frankly discuss how sentencing may affect both the defendant and the defendant's family. If the defendant is requesting leniency, the writer should address that the defendant accepts responsibility for his crime and clearly explain how he plans to change his life for the better.
For letters written on behalf of victims, the writer should address how the victim's life has been negatively impacted as well as the lives of those close to the victim. This includes how lives have been changed by the crime emotionally, socially and physically.
When the content is finished, the writer should proofread the letter for grammatical errors in order to make the letter appear as professional as possible.