As of 2015, some states allow parents to home-school children without notifying the state, while others require parents to notify the state, provide test scores, use a state-approved curriculum, allow visits from education officials, and acquire a teacher's approval, notes the Home School Legal Defense Association. Some states fall between these two extremes and may require notification, test scores and professional student evaluation. Parents should adhere to the laws of the state in which they reside, even if it's temporary.
Some states provide parents with specific statutes that place home schools in a distinct category, separate from public and private schools, explains the Home School Legal Defense Association. Other states view home schools as private schools, and require either parents or private school officials to administer the educational program. Some states, such as Florida and Colorado, provide more than one option and allow parents to choose which one fits the needs of their family.
Factors that parents must consider in states that provide more than one option include laws concerning privacy; record-keeping and filing requirements; access to extracurricular activities and public school classes; and eligibility for special education and other resources, explains the Home School Legal Defense Association. Home-schooling in association with a private school may allow parents to avoid direct communication with the state while still allowing access to federal funds from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Private schools can offer home-schoolers assistance with transcripts and other administrative obligations. Some states require public schools to allow private-school and home-school students to participate in public school activities.