"La carte du monde" translates to "world map" in English. Le carte means "map" in French, while "monde" translates to "world," making the literal translation "map of the world."
World maps have a come a long way since the first true world map in the 12th century, which was the first to include the existence of the Americas. It was not until the 17th century, however, that the shape and layout of the Western world was determined. World maps in use in the 21st century have the advantages of accurate calculations for longitude and latitude, and of being drawn to scale.