Students need information about themselves, their academic backgrounds and their testing history for university application forms. Other types of information required are their demographic data, information about their families, and their extracurricular activities at school and in the community.
The application asks for information from three sources: the student, the school, and national testing services such as ACT and the College Board. In addition to personal information from the student, the application requires information from the school, such as a transcript of grades, recommendations from teachers and counselors, and disciplinary records.
Testing services provide students' scores for tests like the ACT and the SAT, if required by the university. Students also provide a writing sample based on a prompt provided by the Common Application or by the individual college, at the discretion of the college.