The Julliard School is a private performing arts conservatory located in New York City. The school offers degrees in music, dance and drama and is widely regarded as one of the world's foremost music schools. As of 2014, enrollment included about 850 undergraduate and graduate students, as well as almost 300 pre-college students.
Originally established in 1905, the Institute of Musical Art was the first world-class music school in the United States. In 1926, the institute merged with the recently established Julliard Graduate School, and in 1946, the combined schools were officially named the Julliard School of Music.
The first president of the new school was composer William Schuman, the first winner of the Pulitzer Prize for music. Schuman, who disliked traditional music theory and ear-training courses, established a new, less-formal curriculum called the Literature and Fundamentals of Music, which emphasized teaching the "dynamic nature" of music.
In 1951, the Dance Division was established at Julliard, followed by the Drama Division in 1968. Admission to Julliard is highly competitive, and all undergraduate students take courses in the liberal arts in addition to courses relating to their specific area of study.
Notable alumni include cellist Yo-Yo Ma and actor Robin Williams.