A vertical curriculum links knowledge from one lesson to the next across a program of study, while a horizontal curriculum integrates knowledge across different classes or disciplines. An integrated curriculum uses both approaches.Continue Reading
In a vertical curriculum, what is learned in one lesson prepares students for the next lesson. It establishes skills and knowledge which are used and further developed across a whole program of study. In this way, basic skills and knowledge are both developed and reinforced as other elements are introduced into study. This method of teaching is structured and progressive, focusing on building to advanced levels of knowledge.
A horizontal curriculum means that what is studied in one particular course in an institution is in line with other, similar classes both in terms of course content and evaluation. Horizontal coherence means that teachers are evaluating students based on the standards for a particular subject and grade level.
Horizontal integration may also mean the integration of basic concepts from one course or discipline into another. For example, in studying medicine, certain basic concepts may be relevant to the study of multiple disciplines, such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology and more. Conversely, topics such as ethics and finance from other disciplines may be integrated into the study of medicine.Learn more about Colleges & Universities
The main components of New York day care programs are childcare services, parenting classes and regular high school curriculum. The mother/child programs are meant to help mothers and pregnant teenagers establish better future prospects for themselves and their babies. Baby day care services also make it possible for willing young mothers to work on a part-time basis. Some of the pregnant student programs are offered within the public school system.Full Answer >
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The principal differences between AP, or Advanced Placement, and IB, or International Baccalaureate, are in the broader curriculum of the IB program and the availability of that program at elementary level. Both the AP and the IB program offer college-level courses to high school students.Full Answer >