Morehouse College, Howard University, Spelman College, Fisk University and Tuskegee University are historically black colleges and universities. Many HBCU schools are private liberal arts institutions that were founded shortly after the end of the United States Civil War. Some schools are co-educational, while others are gender specific.
Morehouse College was founded in 1867 and remains a black men's school. Its curriculum attempts to develop future leaders through course study in either science and mathematics, business administration and economics, or social sciences and humanities. Notable alumni include film director Spike Lee and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Started in 1881, Spelman College is the oldest HBCU dedicated to educating women of African decent. The school has a full curriculum ranging from literature to biochemistry.
Howard University is recognized for its strong programs in teaching African-American culture. Its faculty has the largest concentration of distinguished black scholars in the world, as of 2015. Its enrollment is 93 percent black or African-American, and all students are required to complete an Afro-American study course.
Fisk University has an impressive 11 to 1 student to faculty ratio, which means less than 20 students per class. The school is located in downtown Nashville, Tennessee.
Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee University in 1881 with the mission of educating black students in the fields of science and engineering. It remains a leading research institution and is the top school to graduate African-American aerospace engineers.