Geography is a vital topic for study because it allows a student to understand the planet in a way that clarifies various global political issues and to see the relationship between people, groups and the physical environment in which they live. A solid understanding of geography enables one to become a good global citizen.
Many topics debated in the news and in politics center on issues of geography. Some of these include global warming and issues involving water resources. As the world becomes more interrelated and interdependent through technological advances, it is increasingly important to understand the physical and cultural differences of other places. Studying geography also opens a link to understanding the history of one's own culture, as well as that of others. The study of geography allows students to learn how to create mental maps, which makes it easier for them to negotiate and navigate their own environments. Without the knowledge of geography, the collections of groups of people around the planet can seem random; understanding the effect geography has on their groupings helps their spatial organization make sense. An understanding of geography also allows one to make smart choices when dealing with issues regarding the relationship of society to the physical environment.