To qualify for Title I, Part A funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, local educational agencies must have at least 10 economically disadvantaged children that make up at least 2 percent of the student body for basic grants, as of 2015, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Concentration grants require agencies to have more than 6,500 disadvantaged children that make up at least 15 percent of students.
Targeted grants have the same criteria as basic and concentration grants but offer increased funds to agencies with larger numbers of impoverished students, explains the U.S. Department of Education. The government grants education finance incentive grants to states with at least 10 disadvantaged students making up 5 percent of students. In addition, the government reviews the states’ own expenditures towards underprivileged students relative to the wealth of its overall citizenship as well as how it distributes funds between local agencies. Incentive grants vary based on these criteria.
Agencies must use Title I funds to assist failing and at-risk students and can only spend the funds on schoolwide programs in schools where more than 40 percent of the student body is from low-income families, states the U.S. Department of Education. Local educational agencies must also provide funds to low-income students in private elementary and secondary schools.