Plural words, such as "forks" or "houses," involve the use of the suffix "-s." Suffixes can indicate different tenses, such as "walk" becoming "walked" with the addition of "-ed." Specific, everyday words using suffixes include "government," which is the word stem "govern" modified by the suffix "-ment," and "childish," which is the word stem "child" modified by the suffix "-ish."Continue Reading
A suffix is a letter, or series of letters, that changes the meaning of a word root when placed after it. Suffixes are either inflectional or derivational, meaning that they carry either grammatical or lexical information, respectively. Inflectional suffixes do not alter the class of a word; a verb modified by an inflectional suffix remains a verb. However, derivational suffixes can alter a word's word class, as seen when the noun "child" becomes the adjective "childish" when modified by the derivational suffix "-ish."
A word stem's inflectional paradigm is the list of all its different inflected forms, each modified by a different inflectional suffix. For example, the word "tall" may be modified to its comparative form of "taller" and its superlative form of "tallest." Irregularly, a paradigm may not continually make use of the same word stem. For example, the inflectional paradigm of the word "good" includes "better" and "best" rather than "gooder" and "goodest."Learn more about Education