Simple problems on math practice worksheets test the understanding of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. More complex problems deal with concepts in geometry, fractions and measurement units.
Addition problems feature different versions of a certain number of objects (fruit, toys etc) to which more are added. The child is expected to add the sets and arrive at a final quantity. Subtraction problems are structured along similar lines with a certain number of objects removed from an initial number. The child is asked to correctly calculate the remaining number of objects. Division problems deal with situations where objects, food, seats etc. have to be divided between a certain number of people. The child has to calculate the correct amount so that each person gets what is required.
Multiplication problems requires the child to multiply both single and double digit numbers before tackling the word problems. Typical problem formats state that a certain activity occurs x number of times over y number of days or years. The child has to calculate the total value of x multiplied by y. Problems with fractions usually involve fruit or food such as pizza and cake cut into various segments and given to children. Other problems deal with spending or losing quantities, and the child has to calculate the amount that was spent.