Examples of empirical research include measuring the levels of noise pollution found in an urban area to determine the average levels of sound exposure experienced by its inhabitants. Another example is the use of carbon dating to determine the age of an artifact believed to be produced by an ancient civilization. Measuring the amount of lead found in the drinking water of a small town is another instance of empirical research. These instances of empirical research use different types of observation methods though they all seek to produce knowledge as a result.
While the term generally refers to contemporary scientific practice, its usage can be traced to the ancient Greeks who distinguished empiricism from the pure dogmatism practiced by many of the philosophers of their day. Today, empirical research, as one part of the scientific method, is a practice conducted by disciplines ranging from sociology to quantum physics to marine biology.Learn more about Writing
A research proposal must contain an abstract, a statement regarding the importance of the research, a literature review, research methodology and statistical modeling information, available resources, a budget, key faculty and staff contributing to the research and references. Writing a research proposal requires a large amount of reflection, analysis and preparation.Full Answer >
To write an observation report, do research through print and electronic sources, direct observation and interviews, then take clear and accurate field notes. Find the story's angle, and use detailed description that supports it. Organize the report around a narrative thread if possible, and use clear, precise and economical language.Full Answer >
To write a rebuttal, brainstorm and research the counter arguments to your claim, then express your findings clearly in writing. Start with a transition, briefly summarize the opposing point, refute the point, support your rebuttal and conclude your refutation.Full Answer >
When writing the abstract of an essay in APA style, open the abstract with a short summary of the major points of the research conducted, including such categories as the topic, research questions, who the participants were, what research method was employed, data analysis and results. The abstract may also include the implications of the research, suggestions for further research, and a list of keywords, which help researchers find the essay in databases.Full Answer >